The Bubonic plague, also known as the “Black Death” in the Middle Ages, is one of the highly contagious infections spread by rodents.
On Sunday, a suspected case of bubonic plague was registered in the local hospital, after which the officials in China’s Inner Mongolia issued a warning statement regarding the same.
As per the report released on Sunday, there were four cases of bubonic plague in people from Inner Mongolia in November. These four cases included the deadly variation of plague – pneumonic plague.
What is the Bubonic Plague?
As per WHO (World Health Organization), bubonic plague is one of the deadliest plagues which occurs due to infected flea’s bite. The plague ‘bacillus,’ Y pestis, travels via the lymphatic system to the closest lymph. This inflames the lymph node making it worse for the infected person to bear the pain. This kind of plague travels easily from one human being to another.
Pneumonic plague is a lung-based plague that comes with an incubation time duration of 24 hours. An infected person’s cough or droplets can transmit the plague to a healthy person in seconds. This plague has a mortality rate of 30% to 60%.
The bubonic plague hit the world in the Middle Ages and was referred to as “Black Death.” At that time, this plague killed more than 10 million people around the globe. The death rate was equal to the third of Europe’s population in the 1300s.
Reports illustrate that this deadly and highly contagious plague has originated from Yunnan in Southwest China.
To be precise, WHO says that there were more than 3,238 cases in the globe and had 548 deaths between 2010 to 2015.
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